I water the plant every week and use plant food everytime I water. Plant scale is a pest which spreads slowly, by monitoring your plants regularly, cleaning plant leaves and grooming scale not be an issue with your houseplants. This beautiful yucca plant variety grows to about four feet high with a trunk two or three inches thick. Store the seeds in a cool, dry place until early winter and start seeds in individual pots, indoors in a warm, well-lit area. Desert Rose Varieties: Are There Other Types of Adenium Plants? For some very unusual looks, you will find character stumps that designers love to display in larger modern containers! Before treating any plant for scale, it is important to know if the problem is plant scale. This plant does well in partial shade to full sun. Yucca Plant Care and Pruning. A top dressing of granite chips is also a good idea to help prevent the plant roots from standing in water and developing rot. Luckily, these plants are incredibly prolific and easy to grow from seed, cuttings, offsets, suckers and root segments, so you needn’t feel sorry if your yucca plant only lasts a few years. Makes a great accent plant and good as a container plant. When looking for a patio, deck or poolside plant, at least find one that will not get too big and create a dangerous obstacle in your path. If your plant has a soft trunk, droopy or yellowing leaves or brown, mushy roots this is a sign of rotting. In order to enhance drainage, pour clay pebbles or small stones into the pot to form a layer at the bottom. Color Guard is another variation of Yucca filamentosa, and it is similar to Yucca flaccida in that its spears are flexible. Unlike most plants, where pruning means the cutting of branches and blooms, the yucca is a cane plant, and thus pruning means cutting the trunk. It can grow to be eight feet high with a thick, tree-like trunk. Most indoor yucca plants DO NOT require repotting. One of the Yucca’s best features is its ability to handle variable temperature ranges. … When the weather becomes reliably warm, you can transition your yucca to its outdoor location. If you prefer to do root cuttings, you can dig up a section of the plant’s rhizome and cut this up into sections of about three-inches each. In fact, some types look so similar it is nearly impossible to tell them apart. Most Yucca plants have sharp spear-like pointed tips. PROPER CARE: Watering in rest period – sparingly Watering in active growth period – … This is really an aesthetic choice. One good combination consists of three parts peat or coco-coir and one part sand. When kept indoors, your indoor Yucca plant will appreciate a warm, sunny setting and relatively dry, well-draining soil. When the flowers develop into seed pods the moth eggs are inside the pods. In general, a Yucca plant is too big for the window. I disagree. 3. These large plants naturally like to the great outdoors with plenty of room to spread and plenty of sunshine to soak up. Food Yucca Plant Care: Caring For The Versatile Spineless Yucca Elephantipes Tweet Yucca elephantipes, also known as the spineless or soft-tipped yucca, is a small evergreen tree reaching around 9 meters in the wild, but it is usually smaller in cultivation. In fact, it is hardy to zone 5 and grows as far north as New York State. All too often plant owners assume repotting and adding  plant food or All Purpose fertilizer like this will help the plant. This yucca plant has very narrow, sharp, relatively short spears of pale blue-green. There is also an excellent reason many varieties have common names incorporating terms such as sword, dagger or bayonet. A native to the southwestern US Yucca glauca grows in two-foot mounds producing sweet-scented flowers of a pastel green shade throughout the summer. Yucca plants fare best in bright light situations. This type of yucca looks something like a palm tree and is frequently kept as a houseplant when young. You can purchase Yucca plants in either a cane or tipped form. As mentioned, prevent this by protecting your plants from excessive moisture through the winter months by erecting a plastic tent or temporary greenhouse over them. Its very thick, trunk-like canes can grow up to one foot thick. With 40 plus species and two dozen subspecies, the interesting and useful yucca plant comes in a wide variety of sizes, appearances, and shapes that have adapted to an impressive range of climates. Fungus can be a problem for outdoor yucca plants in areas with cold, wet winter weathers. Follow this gentleman’s advice, but be sure to keep your hands and eyes protected and wear long, sturdy sleeves while doing so! It is hardy in zones 7a through 9b. How To Water A Spider Plant and What Water To Use? Large clusters of white flowers appear on the tree in late spring and summer. In the “wild” Yucca elephantipes comes robed with stiff, dark green, sword-shaped leaves with lengths of 12″ to 18″ inches long and 1″ inch to 1-1/4″ inches wide. Use a good quality, well-aerated, loose houseplant soil that drains quickly for a Yucca Plant. You can dust the base of the pup with rooting compound if you want, but this is probably not necessary. To do this, sprinkle granular, balanced time-release fertilizer in a large circle around the plant in early spring. A native of Southeastern United States from Mississippi to Georgia. The spineless yucca plant makes its home in Guatemala and southeast Mexico. Removing the entire, extensive root system is tough. It does fairly well in partial shade but prefers bright sun. It is hardy from zone 4a to zone 10b. A good pair of gloves for protecting your hands. Place the pot in a shady location for now and keep the soil very slightly moist. Hardy in Zones 7 through 11. If the native soil is clay heavy, you may need to add more sand, gravel and/or organic matter to break it up. Otherwise, the weight of your yucca plant may cause it to topple over. These plants do not like to be soggy. Color: Green leaves with white edges and white curly filaments, white flowers. This yucca plant has very attractive; deep green, strap-shaped leaves a couple of inches wide. When caring for yucca cane plants wear Personal Protective Equipment such as protective eyewear or goggles, gloves, long sleeve shirt. Yuccas generally like substantial, well-drained soil that will support the roots and the weight of the plant along with providing good air circulation beneath the soil. This article will help you identify the problem, and get your Yucca plant back to health. When the eggs hatch, the moth larvae feast on the seeds of the plant. We'll respect your privacy and unsubscribe at any time. This impressive plant can reach a height of fifteen feet and a width of six feet. [source]. Photo: Tropical Coast. Yuccas make excellent additions to the landscape, and they can also grow as container plants and houseplants when small. In the landscape garden, potted in containers or directly planted in the ground. The five-foot tall plant produces pure white flowers late in the springtime. It is native to the southeastern US and prefers sandy soil. Yucca plants need good well-drained soil inside or outside. The color becomes brighter and more attractive in the fall, winter and spring but fades in the summertime. Plantcaretoday.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com, How Are Yucca Plants Used – Indoors and Outdoors, Yucca Elephantipes The Spineless Indoor Yucca Houseplant, Yucca Needs Lots of Sun & Gravelly Well-Drained Soil, Choose The Right Yucca As A Houseplant or Container Plant, Outdoor Yucca Tree Care – Growing And Keeping Yucca In The Landscape, How To Propagate Yucca: Root, Cuttings, and Seed. You may interpret from the southern Mexican home, the yucca plant prefers the sunshine making a south-facing window a perfect setting. Its flexible foliage is bright yellow with green edging. Uses: Indoors as a houseplant in areas with bright light. To “revive” my houseplant I decided to pull out the rotted cane and repot the plant into a larger pot. Ants are great farmers and love to farm scale and aphids. Keep the plants very lightly moist until they set roots and establish themselves. Yucca elephantipes, Yucca guatemalensis - soft tip yucca, spineless yucca. When this happens, wait for another 3 to 4 weeks and then begin transitioning your new plant into a sunny location. Growing them outdoors is very easy, whether you are starting with young potted plants, offsets (pups), suckers or cuttings. Outdoors bright light to full sun. [source]. In addition to determining a location most hospitable to the plant, you must also keep your safety in mind. The yucca fruit or seed pods can be baked and are quite similar to okra in appearance. Simply cut away the leaves and plant the trunk on the end where it was sawed. Others prefer a clean, neatly trimmed appearance. If plant scale is the problem I always start with a spray of natural Neem Oil “pesticide” – get it online from Amazon. This large specimen is more of a tree. If you notice your yucca plant has lots of yellow, withered or dead growth, it is probably thirsty. Known also as the Mexican Tree Yucca or Dragon Yucca filifera. The shrub grows about two feet high, and the flower stalks can attain a height of about five feet. You may find the selection confusing as many varieties come with multiple (and sometimes shared) common names. The plant sits too far away from a good light source; this results in weak growth and the plant’s need for water is very low or reduced. You can keep a rigid speared yucca indoors, but a better choice would be a variety of a soft or flexible leaved plant in the house. It will stay small enough to be manageable for that period. This plant likes full sun and dry soil. The plant is native to northern Mexico and is hardy in Zones 8b or above. You can use the trimmed sections to propagate more yucca plants. When To Repot Plants After Buying – Or Should You? This drought tolerant yucca plant or tree can attain a height of thirty feet. At times a mature yucca sitting in the same place and pot for years may look like it is infested with plant scale bugs. Repot the rooted end. Although the plant will look ugly at the moment, rest assured it will go to work right away putting out new rosettes of leaves to cover up the injury. Most yuccas grow well in U.S. Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 10 and below. Here are some tips on how to care for yucca plants: The best soil for yucca: Grow yucca plants in sandy soil with excellent drainage. Impressive flowers in large panicles creamy white flowers closely packed, hooded, tinged with red outside. Many indoor tropical houseplants DO NOT handle significant temperature changes although they will still work at cleaning the air. Do not allow plants to sit in water. Curly threads adorn the ends of the leaves. Over time, most species of yucca will grow into room-devouring monsters, but this takes long enough that they provide years of durable service as a houseplant. A beautiful plant boasting pale green spears with creamy white variegation. Sometimes called Adam’s needle, Needle-Palm, and Spoonleaf yucca. Contact, Anthurium the Flamingo Flower: Growing your Anthuriums as a Houseplant, Natal Mahogany – House Plant for Overwaterers, Japanese Stewartia a Pretty, Ornamental Tree Well Known for its Flowers. Remember to wear gloves! This variety is very cold sensitive, but it can be grown successfully outdoors in Zones 9 and 10. This plant likes sandy soil and a dry climate. For stem cuttings, be sure the parent plant is mature as this makes root rot less likely. If your plant is one of the many varieties sporting sharp spears, be sure to locate it in a low traffic area to avoid injury. This is a smaller plant growing in clumps about two feet high by three feet wide. A plant owner takes care in spraying the plant with an insecticide to kill the houseplant bugs and then rinses the plant down with water to make sure no harmful chemicals hang around the house. The spineless yucca plant probably finds more use when designing around a desert-type theme or southwest style outdoors to carry the look and feel inside. These fruits are quite delicious and easy to prepare by baking. It is also commonly known as Weak-leaf yucca plant because its leaves tend to bend under their own weight. As yuccas go, it is compact, attaining a height of about two feet. These plants produce bounteous flowers from mid-spring to late spring. Some homeowners like to move smaller Yucca’s outdoors as appropriate during warm, sunny weather. A very tall variety which can attain a height of twelve feet. From your description, I would assume the plant is over potted and being over watered. Propagation There is a more complicated method of taking Yucca root cane cuttings, however as we haven't done this ourselves we can't with good faith recommend it. When choosing pots, lean toward heavy containers that provide a solid base. Even Yucca elephantipes, commonly kept as a houseplant when immature, has leaves with razor-sharp edges. The shrub grows to a little over a foot high, but the flower stalk can shoot up to about six feet in height. Luckily, it is easy to control them by sprinkling diatomaceous earth or applying standard snail and slug bait around your plants. Not only is moving a mature yucca a difficult task, it is also unlikely to be a successful one. The plant produces three-inch clumps of flowers on six-foot stalks making them very attractive to hummingbirds. Many people confuse – yucca root – with the root of the yuca plant (spelled with one “C”) also known as “cassava” which is an important food source in Africa; however, this is an entirely different plant. Once you’ve made your choice, be sure to situate your plant in a permanent space so that you will not have to move it. Even then, remember the edges of the fronds are sharp and can cut you. Its spears are fairly flexible. Sometimes potted yucca will produce suckers. Water deeply, regularly during first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system. Their rosettes of leaves get too large. The brown tips on the new growth are simply “shouting” at you to check the roots for problems. Your primary focus in caring for an established outdoor yucca plant is keeping it tidy. Add sand to the soil if it seems too heavy or clay-like. Under the right conditions, yucca is not difficult to gro… Don’t be too disappointed if you are unable to nurse an ailing yucca back to health. These two are so very much alike and used interchangeably. You can give your indoor yucca a very diluted feeding of a balanced liquid water-soluble food in the springtime and once during the summer. Using a raised bed can be a very good idea. Rooting is very easy. Neem is safe and should not hurt you, the plant or environment. The spears are tough and razor sharp. Though yucca is a hardy plant, lack of appropriate care can make it susceptible to a host of pest attacks and growth issues. Water thoroughly and drain off all excess water. Excess salts in fertilizers will burn the unhealthy roots. Specifically, the moths of the Prodoxidae family (aka Yucca Moths) maintain a significant mutuality pollination relationship with these plants. As long as you are using well-draining soil, you should be fine.A soil pH between 6 and 7 yields the best results.. This will help ensure that roots won’t wallow in water, which could be fatal to it. Video: Update on the pruned plants 6 months later. Also called Variegated Filamentosa Soapwort, Variegata, Adam’s Needle or Ivory Towers. This potential giant grows slowly to a height of twenty feet but can take a very long time, indeed. Water lightly at planting time and weekly until the plant becomes established. Often added to animal feed (including pet food) to help support joint health. Also called the Thompson’s yucca, Big Bend Yucca or Blue-Beaked Yucca. Yuccas like sandy, well-drained soil. Also called the Mojave Yucca, Spanish Dagger or Don Quixote’s lance. If the problem is generalized and comes on suddenly, it could be caused by: Review your current care routine and make adjustments as needed. The roots of the yucca plant (spelled with two “C’s”) are good for soap, not food. As far as houseplants go, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which is often mistaken for yucca. Provide plenty of sun for robust growth and abundant flowers. Carefully remove lower yucca plant leaves from the cutting, and allow the trunk to dry in the open air for several hours. CARE. If you choose a balanced, all-purpose liquid fertilizer, it should give the plant all the nutrients it needs for the year. There is a very good reason why these spears are used to hang meat in the smokehouse in the Appalachian mountains. Family: AgavoideaeOrigin: Americas and Caribbean, Common Names: Soft tip yucca, Spanish bayonet, Spanish dagger, Joshua tree, soapweed yucca, banana yucca, Adam’s needle, Needle-Palm, Spoonleaf yucca, Mojave Yucca, Dragon Yucca, Don Quixote’s lances. Feed your plant once or twice at the beginning of the growing season and then once again in the middle of summer. Firm the soil down and add to it to bring the level of soil slightly higher than the surrounding soil. These varieties are hardy in Zone 8b. This hybrid is hardy from zone 7a to zone 10b. Problems associated with Inadequate Care Occasionally you may find scale or white fuzzy bugs (aka mealybugs), but generally, the plants are pest free. When I bought the plant, it had three three trunks or canes in a 14-inch pot. Trim away the occasional dead spear, cane or flower. You can trim these or not. This is why the Yucca elata is commonly known as the Soap Tree. Attempts to limit their growth with smaller pots are not successful and only make the plant unhappy. If you see reddish-orange rust spots on your plant’s leaves, it is a sign that fungal infection or “yucca leaf spot” has set in. When you detect insects spray with an approved insecticide like Neem Oil available at Amazon. There are several varieties of Yucca Moths. Use an appropriate potting mix and place a 5 cm layer of pebbles in the bottom of the pot for optimum yucca care. The flowers appear in the middle of the summer and last for a couple of weeks. Keeping a watchful eye is the best way to fight problems like scale on a yucca plant or houseplants on general. Other Uses For Yucca Plants Beyond Decorative? Alternately, you can plan on keeping your baby yucca as a house plant for two or three years. The flower stalks are usually about three feet high. In very dry climates, water outdoor specimens with about one inch of water weekly. Multiple canes (usually 3 or 4) of various staggered heights are combined and potted together in a container to create a full vertical plant for indoor use. Among them are: The yucca moths efficiently and industriously transfer pollen from stamen to stigma of the flowers and also lay their eggs inside the blossoms. They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. Whilst generally easy to care for, there are a number of common problems that may have you worrying if your yucca plant is dying. A yucca plant is seen by many as a great way to bring a unique, even tropical vibe to any indoor or outdoor space. TIP:Thurber advises, "Yucca plants grow in two forms, tree-like or in a rosette. When cutting back the yucca flower stalks, leave about 3 inches. It will produce new leaves in no time; You may use the top half of your yucca to start a new plant! Otherwise, you will need to do some relocating later, and that can be a painful and difficult process. If you do not wish to bother with this, choose from these varieties: All of these choices can withstand cold, wet winters without protection. The leaves grow in rosettes of about two feet high and become twisted as the plant matures. Fertilizing is usually not necessary, but you can provide a light annual feeding if desired. In this article, we will explore the many different types of yucca plants and share advice on choosing and caring for just the right specimen for your home, yard or garden. In some types of yucca, this is typical for mature leaves. [source]. If you live in an area with cold, wet winters, be prepared to protect your plants from inclement weather by providing plastic tenting in the winter time. You could spend hours and hours digging up and moving a mature plant only to have little ones spring up in its place a month or so later. The leaves of deep green with yellow tips are extremely sharp. If you are lucky, your seed will sprout in a month. The soil cannot be light and airy, or it won’t provide good support for the structure of the plant. Dried yucca spears and fibers make fire-starting easy. Likes full sun and mild climates. We use Neem Oil as our natural “pesticide” solution. The Yucca plant looks great as a container plant indoors and outside. The spears grow continuously up the trunk and form a bush at the top. While some varieties do pretty well in partial shade, they all do better with ample sun. This variety is exceptionally cold-hardy and has become naturalized to the state of Illinois. Plant the cutting a pot of properly prepared soil. However, several Yucca species – primarily Yucca elephantipes, does very well as an indoor houseplant. At the end of the summer, cut back dead blossoms, canes and spent foliage. The ideal location is as a floor or a specimen plant, or in groups with other plants. You’ve heard the saying “Go Big Or Go Home“ – this saying applies to the containers you use to grow and display yucca trees and plants. If you are unsure as to whether your yucca plant will withstand your winter, and you don’t want to bother with sheltering it, remember to take and start a cutting, offshoot or a root segment indoors before winter begins so you can have a replacement if necessary in the springtime. When choosing an indoor yucca plant, look for one that will make a safe and comfortable member of your household. ow to naturally get rid of spider mites on indoor plants. [source], The larger, more “dangerous types” make nice focal points off the beaten path in the middle of an open field where they have plenty of room to spread and grow. Do not allow plants to sit in water. Bush forms are produced from tips with three plants per pot. This native of eastern north central Texas grows abundantly in the limestone prairies. The non-woody parts of the plant are edible. Water your Yucca Cane plant when the top 50% of the soil is dry. Then plant fresh and water slightly more than normal while the new roots are growing and settling in. New Mexico adopted the “yucca flower” as their state flower on March 14, 1927. Use a fungicidal spray on your plant after trimming. Also known as Variegated Mound-Lily Soapwort, is a compact variegated form of Yucca gloriosa. You must hit a happy medium by providing a firm soil that also drains well. Bloom time: Late spring. Be advised even those with flexible or soft-tipped spears can still be dangerous. Also known as Palmilla or Blue Yucca. Giving your yucca plant the right kind of soil is somewhat of a balancing act. The Yucca plant requires bright light, however they will tolerate less than sunny spots. Dracaena Fragrans – That’s How It Got Its Name, Agave Colorata Care Tips: Growing The Ash Agave. Zones: 6-11. With good air movement or circulation, these plants can take temperatures in the 90s to a low in the upper 30s. Soil that harbors moisture will cause root rot. In this guide, we introduce you to some of the most popular yucca plant varieties and discuss care of yucca plants indoors and outdoors. The plants tend to become top heavy as most of the weight is centered at the top of the Yucca, planting in a deep heavy container will help prevent the plant from tipping over. Growing only about a foot high, it makes a good groundcover. This plant is a native of the Mojave and Sonoran deserts. Rugged yucca plants grow remarkably easy, and if you live in an area where they grow naturally, you may find yourself fighting them off rather than cultivating them. Its spears are a pale bluish green, and its flowers pure white. Yucca elata Commonly called soaptree yucca. If your goal is to grow a beautiful yucca plant in your garden, follow these tips to get the very best results possible. Seldom do you find plants in containers larger than 17″-inch pots. [source]. Yuccas that grow in tree form can be pruned to cont… Yucca plants usually contain green leather like foliage which radiates from a central stalk. Pot seedlings and very young plants in at least a gallon of soil. Remember to use well-draining, substantial soil. Yucca comes from southern Mexico and craves high direct light. Even with large canes, I like to make 3-5 “cuts” length-wise on the cane with a razor knife and dust the dust the cuts with a powdered rooting hormone. The Yucca plant – care for this versatile indoor and outdoor plant is flexible, easy care, easy to maintain – and being considered one of the top air cleaning indoor plants is just another benefit. Fertilizer on plants actively growing and settling in the appropriate soil, so frequently... 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Over the years from bad lighting and over watering the look of this hardy, attractive.! Houseplant I decided to pull out the rotted cane and repot to grow a beautiful yucca plant ( with! Pests: Learn how to naturally get rid of spider mites on indoor plants Blue-Beaked yucca evergreen to... Pod and eaten raw support joint health height of 30′ feet with a soft!