If you train your guava into a tree shape by selecting a single trunk, the fruiting limbs will emerge from 2 feet (0.5 m.) off the ground and up. Cut any unwanted shoots or branches close to the trunk. How Yo Prune of Guava Tree Pruning a guava tree is important if you want your tree to produce pleanty of fruits. After the first growing season, I removed the nursery trellis and placed tree stakes about six feet apart on either side of the shrub and lashed two bamboo poles to the stakes that loosely lace through the guava… After you've removed the branch, take off your gloves and wash them. This video shows interesting facts about guava: Place a root cutting from the guava tree in each hole and fill the hole with soil. When to Prune Guava Trees. Prune the plant to a single trunk when you first put it in the ground. Prune your guava tree once per year to keep it a manageable size and encourage fresh growth. Guavas are self-pollinating, so they only require one tree to produce fruit. The first act is to skirt prune the tree. The guava tree should be repotted in every 2 years in the spring. I prune my guava hard each year for a couple of reasons. If the branch is too high for you to reach with your hand shears, you can use a lopper. You can use whatever pruning shears you want, but the best are anvil pruners or bypass pruners rated for branches up to 2.5 in (6.4 cm) thick. Pruning A Potted Guava (Zone 7b) Andrew B. Water guava trees when planting and every day for one to two weeks. When repotting, pruned the roots so that the plant can fit in the pot. Pruning. Look for old growth in the middle of the branch. For ease of picking and ripening I cut mine off when it’s about 1.5 metres tall or it gets too unruly for my 2.5m-high tunnel house. It can be found in Hawaii, the Virgin Islands, Florida, and a few sheltered areas of California and Texas. Use a 25 percent solution of straight urea mixed with a wetting agent. When talking about tree pruning, knowing how and when to do it is vital. Jackalberry trees grow on termite mounds in the African savannas, also known as tropical grasslands. Almost all the branches that leave the mother branches, produce flowers so … It can be pruning to maintain the shape is around the edges if desired. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Unlike evergreen trees, pineapple and guava plants cannot tolerate pruning during the dormant season in winter, as this may result in you accidentally chopping off new shoots. This practice allows a planting to produce fruit over a longer period. Alex Shows You How to Prune You Guava Tree for Maximum Health and Productivity. Pinch back the tips of the selected side branches when they are 2 to 3 feet (1 m.) long. To protect from low temperature or freezing cover at night with a blanket. 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It's more of a shrub than a tree, with a bushy spread and height of up to 20 feet at maturity. Pinch back the tips of the selected side branches when they are 2 to 3 feet (1 m.) long. Prune after harvest to help keep the plant tidy and compact. Make sure you wear gardening gloves when you remove a diseased branch. Loppers look like hand shears, but with very long handles that allow you to reach higher branches. Multiple trees should be 10 ft to 12 ft apart. This article has been viewed 18,670 times. Remove all other shoots. After withholding water, tip prune the branches to stimulate new growth. Alex demonstrates how to prune your guava tree for controlled growth and maximum production of accessible fruit. Even when it typically prefers warmer climates, the strawberry guava tree is quite hardy in temperatures as low as 22°F (-5°C). Slice the root into sections 5 to 10 inches in length with a clean, sharp knife. Combine with the recommended amount of water in a hose end receptacle sprayer. Keep the tree small by continuously pruning the top and ends of the tree. Use a well-balanced fertilizer or one with a slightly higher nitrogen reading. Guavas have become invasive trees in some regions of Florida, Hawaii, and elsewhere. Even when it typically prefers warmer climates, the strawberry guava tree is quite hardy in temperatures as low as 22°F (-5°C). This also stimulates a better root system. When talking about tree pruning, knowing how and when to do it is vital. If you prune your guava in bush form, branches will emerge from near the ground. It also can depend on whether you have an early or late fruiting variety, but if you prune now you could be cutting of new growth and the tree can be more prone to pests and diseases getting in through the fresh wounds. Flowers and fruits are produced on the present seasons growth, so do not prune once spring growth has commenced. Guava Tree Care Guava tree care is simple and easy and with a few basic information, you can grow a healthy plant. Remember guava trees can grow to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height if not pruned to contain their size. Now, let’s learn how to prune a guava properly to encourage its healthy growth and maximize fruit production. Prune guavas 3 to 4 months after planting to train them to the desired shape. Prune your guava tree to give it a tree shape. Guava tree pruning should be performed in late winter or early spring. Pruning your tree more heavily in late winter or early spring will encourage the growth of large, high-quality guava. Dig holes in the planting site that are at least 2 to 4 inches deep with a garden trowel. Step 1 Prune feijoa for shape in late fall or early winter, when the tree is dormant and less vulnerable to insects and diseases that can infect pruning wounds. As far as taking care of your trees is concerned, you can fertilize every 3 months. Then, cut all branches lower than 80 cm (2.5 ft). The best shears to use on your trees are hand pruners or loppers. Cut off old growth at the base of the stem. Used as a fruiting hedge or windbreak Strawberry Guava will reach 6m although it is easily pruned or trimmed to keep in shape. Heading back means pruning individual branches to reduce their length. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. You can watch the video below on 3 different varieties of guavas… Pruning. My guava tree never developed a main trunk. The pineapple guava tolerates almost any amount of pruning and can be used as a hedge or screen. Guava are heavy feeders, so fertilize them once every month or so. To grow a guava tree indoors simply position your plant somewhere that gets at least 6 hours sunlight. Thinning is the removal of a whole shoot or branch, taking it back to its point of origin. If you're looking to increase the quality of the fruit your guava trees produce, it might be time to prune them. Use a well-balanced fertilizer or one with a slightly higher nitrogen reading. When you're finished, soak your pruners in rubbing alcohol for about 5 minutes to disinfect them. You can, therefore, choose to prune guavas into the shape of a tree or a bush, or even grow them as a hedge. I prune my guava hard each year for a couple of reasons. When repotting, pruned the roots so that the plant can fit in the pot. It does not impact on the yields of at least from sorting. They grow too … Guava is a popular tropical fruit tree. Slice the root into sections 5 to 10 inches in length with a clean, sharp knife. Landscaping Uses. If left unpruned, the pineapple guava will obtain a height of 15 to 20 feet; however, it can be maintained as low as 3 or 4 feet. Hi, I've always wanted to experiment with tropical fruit in containers, so I ordered a guava online. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. The guava requires little pruning to fruit happily, but you can shape the shrub to a single trunk to encourage taller growth. Spray your guava tree just before flowering in the spring. To avoid the trees getting to big, you can prune them every 2 to 3 years. However, despite the guava plant possessed hardwood stems, trunks, and branches, the plant has its own share of pests. This plant has very few problems with pests & diseases. Today, the common guava (Psidium guajaba) is grown in places as far apart as Florida, Hawaii, India, Egypt, and Thailand. Guava paste, juice, and preserves are important in the cuisines of Caribbean and Southeast Asian countries, and the fruits are eaten fresh or cooked. Firstly, I like to keep a nice aesthetic to my trees, so I prune to a wine glass pattern. The best time to prune a tree is during the dormant season, or late winter through early spring. If pruning of guava tree is done in the form of a bush, emerging of branches will be done two feet from the ground. Pruning. Wait until Pruning Is Optimal. Thinning helps counteract the tree’s dense growth to let light and air in to the inner branches, which helps them stay healthy and productive. The guava tree is one of the many trees with hardwood which may be hard for insects to damage. You want to leave the branch collar, so the cut heals properly. Pruning to Protect New Growth 1. Pruning. Left to their own devices, fruit trees are self-defeating. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. References. It's best to remove the entire branch. Left to their own devices, fruit trees are self-defeating. This will encourage them to produce additional branches. Prune the plant to a single trunk when you first put it in the ground. If you?re wondering how or when to prune guava trees, this article is for you. What a difference to your fruit trees when you give up heading and get thinning! Pruning a Guava. In early winter, prune suckers, competing shoots and any branches that are broken or rubbing together. Many are the factors involved in defining the right way and time for pruning, including the type and age of the tree, the weather, the purpose of pruning, etc. You have to pick off any mouldy fruits and funny leaves. Often the branches bear against the ground and it goes rotten and diseases get into the tree. The guava tree should be repotted in every 2 years in the spring. You'll want to start pruning around 3 to 4 months after the tree has sprouted. The fruit is delicious eaten fresh or in a host of culinary concoctions. You can follow step by step instructions on My Kitchen Garden blog, here… How To Plant Guava Seeds. Rain falls during a six- to eight-month period, then the savanna stays dry for several months, often resulting in drought. There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Cut a root from a mature guava tree with pruning shears. Guava wood is soft, so you should be able to cut through the branch on the first try. The old growth will be brown, look shriveled, or will branch off from the branches with the newest fruit. Commercial growers also conduct severe “crop cycling” pruning to delay fruiting on individual trees in the following season. It is an attractive plant with huge plumage and grows to a height of 14 feet. These trees need fertilizer once a month; and before the pruning of tree, if given full organic manures, you can find a better result. Trim up the side branches to keep them around 2 … Pinching means removing the growing tip of shoots. Pruning a Guava tree: Guava is a tree which is shrubby and grows in a dense manner. 3 months ago. Organic pests and diseases control in Guava cultivation Pruning a Guava tree: Guava is a tree which is shrubby and grows in a dense manner. Pineapple guava is an attractive large shrub that matures to about 12 feet. Guava is a shrubby tree that grows densely and will attempt to spread horizontally along the ground. Pruning guava is essential to keep guava tree growing in a pot in desired shape and size to develop a strong structure, healthy plant and increased fruiting. You should remove about half of the guavas in the cluster, unless more than half look very small. Firstly, I like to keep a nice aesthetic to my trees, so I prune to a wine glass pattern. Once you've identified old growth, use your shears to prune off that... 3. Pruning. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! In either case, it’s best not to allow your guava to grow taller than 10 feet (3 m.), or it could blow over in strong winds. Guava is a small tree indigenous to the American tropics that has become naturalized in most tropical and subtropical climates of the world. Then cut the tips of these branches to grow more branches. You can prune away the previous year's growth to protect new fruit. Pruning guava is essential to keep guava tree growing in a pot in desired shape and size to develop a strong structure, healthy plant and increased fruiting. Remove older wood 3 to 4 inches into the branch and cut just before a growth node, or the swelling on the wood that will form new growth. Follow the instructions on the amount of wetting agent to add. The trees will fair fine with being watered once or twice per week for the first several months. To thin, simply remove some of the branches by cutting them at their base. Dig holes in the planting site that are at least 2 to 4 inches deep with a garden trowel. A jujube is more than a candy you often find at a movie theater concession stand. Guava are heavy feeders, so fertilize them once every month or so. 1 Trim the evergreen guava shrub into a tree, starting when it is planted. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. This tree will grow horizontally across the ground. In general, guava trees should be planted in full sun for best growth and fruit production. Video short on guava fruit thinning. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Trim the guava tree the following spring to remove water shoots -- the fast-growing upright shoots that form just below a pruning wound. From the integral study of all the factors arises how and when to prune each tree. Prune up to 1/4 root mass. Prune guavas 3 to 4 months after planting to train them to the desired shape. Hence, select pruning the guavas in the shape of a bush or tree, or you can even grow them as a hedge. Pruning guava trees are important as they can grow very tall, making them unmanageable in all but the largest gardens. It is crucial, therefore, to know how to prune fruit trees. Prune in late autumn or early spring. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. Diseased branches and suckers can be removed at any time of year. Pruning. The pineapple guava tolerates almost any amount of pruning and can be used as a hedge or screen. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Tags: guava, pruning, video. Prune after harvest to help keep the plant tidy and compact. Guavas can take heavy pruning, though, and can be used as informal hedges or screens. Guavas produce better with pruning. Wipe rubbing alcohol over pruning shears' blades, and prune dead, damaged, diseased or crossing stems up to 3/4-inch thick after fruit falls from the strawberry guava tree. Guavas produce better with pruning. Guava flowers on new growth, so these cuts also induce the tree to produce more flowers and fruit. Since the fruit is borne on new growth, pruning does not interfere with next year’s crop. In the winter, your fruit tree is dormant (and … Guavas grow in clusters of 2 to 4 fruits. By using our site, you agree to our. The termite mound surrounding a jackalberry tree helps moisturize the tree and provid… It also makes the fruit easier to reach. After this, prune your guava tree annually to maintain its symmetry and remove excessive growth. Excerpt from ” Pruning Fruit Trees: A Beginners Guide“ Two Types of Pruning Cuts. As an evergreen shrub, red strawberry guava tree can reach a height of 15-20 feet, but should ideally be pruned to 12 feet in height, because the root system is relatively shallow and weak. From the integral study of all the factors arises how and when to prune each tree. Dry, dead, damaged or diseased branches can be pruned anytime. If you are growing a papaya tree in a container then it is vital that you do prune your tree in this way as it will help keep your papaya tree dwarf and a good size for growing in containers. Sterilize pruning tool blades before use by dipping them in boiling water for 30 seconds or wiping them with a cloth dipped in rubbing alcohol. If your tree has multiple trunks, find the middlemost one and cut the others away at their base. How to prune Guava tree. As an evergreen shrub, red strawberry guava tree can reach a height of 15-20 feet, but should ideally be pruned to 12 feet in height, because the root system is relatively shallow and weak. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Tall branches can also block sunlight from the tree which can result in limited fruiting. It can be found in Hawaii, the Virgin Islands, Florida, and a few sheltered areas of California and Texas. These techniques allow you to control the horizontal spread of the tree. If you are pruning yours to a tree shape, select a single trunk and 3 or 4 lateral (side) branches. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. A different type of guava that is a much smaller bush is the strawberry guava or Psidium. Sometimes called the pineapple guava for the shape and taste of its seedy, mild fruit, feijoa can be planted for ornamental purposes as well. Wait until Pruning Is Optimal. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 18,670 times. Tags: guava, pruning, video « How To Prune A Guava Tree Part 1. Pruning should occur in late winter but it may be trimmed at any time. Guava Tree Care Guava tree care is simple and easy and with a few basic information, you can grow a healthy plant. 1. Although the trees are frost tender, adult trees may survive short periods of frost, but they can be grown in a greenhouse or sunroom in other regions. Keep your tree healthy, and harvest all of your fruit without ever climbing a ladder. Straight urea mixed with a slightly higher nitrogen reading a manageable size and fresh... Smaller bush is the strawberry guava tree with pruning shears in general, guava trees grow most of their 2. Alex demonstrates how to prune guava trees to reduce dense canopy the newest fruit combine with the newest fruit control... You first put it in the planting site that are broken or rubbing together guava or.... 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